Flora and Fauna of Bankura Forest

The eastern portion of the district forms part of the rice plains of West Bengal. The land under rice cultivation contains the usual marshy weeds of Gangetic plain. Aquatic plants and water weeds are found in ponds, ditches and still streams. Around human habitations there are many trees, shrubs and herbal species in the following table : --

 Sl No.

 

 Vernacular or common name

  Latin Name

Trees

1

Akashmoni

. . .

Acacia aurculiformis, syn A. Moniliformis, Linn.

2

Am

. . .

Mangifera indica, Linn.

3

Amla

. . .

Phyllanthus emblica, Linn.

4

Amra

. . .

Spondias mangifera, Linn.

5

Anjan

. . .

Hardwickia binata, Roxb.

6

Ankura

. . .

Alangium lamarckii, Lamk.

7

Arjun

. . .

Terminalia arjuna , Linn.

8

Asan

. . .

T. tomentosa , Linn.

9

Aswatha

. . .

Ficus religiosa , Linn.

10

Bahera

. . .

Terminalia belerica , Linn.

11

Bangab

. . .

Diospyros montana, , Linn.

12

Barmalla

. . .

Callicarpa arborea, Linn.

13

Bat

. . .

Ficus bengalensis , Linn.

14

Bel

. . .

Aegle marmelos, corr.

15

Bhela

. . .

Semecarpus anacardium, Linn.

16

Cashew

. . .

Anacardium occidentalo , Rottb.

17

Challa or papri

. . .

Holoptelea integrifolia, planch.

18

Chanlal

. . .

Wendlandia exserta, Bartt.

19

Chapot siris

. . .

Dalbergia lanceolaria, krowce.

20

Chhatim or chhatiwan

. . .

Alstonia scholaris, R. Br.

21

Dhaw

. . .

Anogeissus latifolia, wall.

22

Dumur

. . .

Ficus hispida, Linn.

23

Gabdi

. . .

Cochlospermum gossypium, kunth.

24

Gamar

. . .

Gmelina arborea, Linn.

25

Gokul

. . .

Ailanthus excelsa. Des

26

Gular

. . .

Ficus glomerata , Linn.

27

Haldu or karam

. . .

Adina cordifolia, Salisb.

28

Haritaki

. . .

Terminalia chebula, Linn.

29

Jak or Jacj

. . .

Artocarpus, integrifolia, Forct.

30

Jarul

. . .

Lagerstroemia flos-reginae, Linn.

31

Jhau

. . .

Casuarina equisetifolia,Linn.

32

Jiyal or Karchmola

. . .

Lannea grandis, V.

33

Kadam

. . .

Anthocophalus cadamba, A. Rich.

34

Kaj

. . .

Bridelia retusa, wild.

35

Kaju

. . .

Anacardium occidentale, Rottb.

36

Kalajam

. . .

Eugenia jambelana, Syn. Syzigium cumin Linn.

37

Kamala or Sindure

. . .

Mallotus philippinensis, Lour.

38

Kanta buhel

. . .

Sidorexylen tementosum, Linn.

39

Karai

. . .

Albizzia procera, Durazz.

40

Karam or Haldu

. . .

Adina cordifolia, Salisb.

41

Kathal or Kanthal

. . .

Artocarpus, integrifolia, Forct.

42

Kathbel

. . .

Feronia elephantum, Goertn.

43

Kend or kendu

. . .

Diospyros melanexylon, Linn

44

Kumbhi

. . .

Careya arborea, Roxb.

45

Kusum

. . .

Schleichera trijuga, Wild

46

Lashora

. . .

Cordia myxa, Linn.

47

Latikaram

. . .

Hymenodictyon excalsum, wall

48

Madar

. . .

Erythrina stricta, Linn.

49

Mahua or Mahul or Mohul

. . .

Bassia latifolia, syn. Madhuka Litifilis., Linn.

50

Mango

. . .

Mangifera indica, Linn.

51

Minijiri

. . .

Cassia siamea, Linn.

52

Neem

. . .

Azadirachta indica.

53

Neuri

. . .

Elaeodendron glaucum, Jaogr.

54

Nona

. . .

Anona reticulata, Linn.

55

Palash

. . .

Butea frondosa, Syn. B. monosperma. Roxb

56

Panjan

. . .

Ougeindia dalbergieides, Benth.

57

Papra

. . .

Gardenia latifolia,, Linn.

58

Paperi or Challa

. . .

Holoptelia integrifolia planch.

59

Parasi

. . .

Cleistsanthus collinus, Hook

60

Piasal or Peasal

. . .

Peterocarpus marsupium, Linn.

61

Pitali

. . .

Trewia nudiflora, Linn.

62

Piyal

. . .

Buchanania latifolia, syn. B. Lenzan, Roxh.

63

Pola

. . .

Kidya calycina, Roxb.

64

Priyangu

. . .

Aglaia Rexburghiana, Lour.

65

Rahara

. . .

Soymida febrifuga, A. Juss.

66

Sajina

. . .

Moringa pterygosperma, Linn.

67

Sal

. . .

Shorea robusta, Roxb.

68

Sankata

. . .

Achcia suma, willd.

69

Setisal or Setsar

. . .

Dalbergia latifelia, krosce.

70

Sheora

. . .

Streblus asper, Lour.

71

Sidha

. . .

Lagerstroemia parviflora, Linn.

72

Simul or Semal

. . .

Bomax malabaricum, Syn. Salmalia malabarica, Linn

73

Sindure or Kamala

. . .

Mallothus philippinensis, Lour

74

Siris

. . .

Albizzia lebbek, Durazz.

75

Sonajhuri

. . .

Acacia aurculiformis, syn A. Moniliformis

76

Sonalu

. . .

Cassia fistula, Linn

77

Tamal

. . .

Diospyfos tomentose, Linn

78

Teak

. . .

Tectona qrandis, Linn.F.

 SHRUBS, HERBS

79

Akanda

. . .

Calotropis gigantea, R. Br.

80

Asamlata

. . .

Eupatorium odoratum, Linn.

81

Atari

. . .

Combretum decandrum, Linn.

82

Bagnoki

. . .

Martynia diandra, Linn.

83

Sainchi

. . .

Flacourtia cataphracta, Comm

84

Balikoma

. . .

Opilia amentacell, Roxb.

85

Bankalmi or Dholkalmi

. . .

Ipomela carnea, Linn.

86

Bantulsi

. . .

Ocimum canum, Linn.

87

Borola

. . .

Sida cordifolia,S. qlutinosa Linn.

88

Bhabri

. . .

Lantana camara, Linn.

89

Bhaibirrung

. . .

Embelia robusta, Burm.

90

Bhant

. . .

Clerondendron infortunatum, Linn.

91

Bherenda

. . .

Jatropa curcus, Ricinus. Communis, Linn

92

Bhurur

. . .

Cardenia qummifera, Linn.

93

Bichua

. . .

Girardinia zeylanica, Gand

94

Changalkhuri

. . .

Ipemeca biloba, Linn.

95

Chaksubanar

. . .

Cassia absus, Linn.

96

Chakunda

. . .

Cassis tora, Linn.

97

Chandra

. . .

Rauwolfia serpentina, Linn.

98

Chili

. . .

Morinda cinctoria, Linn.

99

Chota aura

. . .

Cassia pumila, Linn.

100

Chotakerui

. . .

Euphorbia microphylla, Linn.

101

Chota sirphunka

. . .

Indigofera hirsuta, Linn.

102

Dhas or Dhani

. . .

Woodfordia floribunda, Salisb.

103

Dholkalmi or Bankalmi

. . .

Ipomoer carnea, Linn.

104

Dhutura

. . .

Datur stramonium, Linn.

105

Garikalai

. . .

Glycine hispidam, Linn.

106

Jhampi

. . .

Abutilon hirtum, Goertn.

107

Jychi

. . .

Euphorbia dracunculoides, Linn.

108

Kalikera

. . .

Capparis zeylenica, Linn.

109

Karabi

. . .

Nerium odorum, Linn.

110

Karamcha

. . .

Carissa spinarum,Linn.

111

Kukurjhiwa

. . .

Leea herbacea,

112

Kukursunga

. . .

Blumea lacera, D.C.

113

Kul

. . .

Zizyphus xylopyra, S. glabrescens, Juss.

114

Kurchi

. . .

Holarrhenna antidysenterica, R.Br.

115

Kust or Ken

. . .

Costus speciosus,Linn.

116

Lathai

. . .

Indigofera enneaphylla,Linn.

117

Mankanta or Maniphal

. . .

Randia dumetorum,Linn.

118

Mukhajali

. . .

Drosera burmanni,Linn.

119

Nagphana

. . .

Opuntia Dillenii, Mill.

120

Nilkanta

. . .

Curcuma caesia ,Linn.

121

Nishinda

. . .

Vitex negundo,Linn.

122

Occhunti

. . .

Aqeratum conyzoides,Linn.

123

Otmurup

. . .

Flemingia nana, Roxb.

124

Pindkhajur

. . .

Phoenix acaulis,Linn.

125

Putri

. . .

Croton oblongifoliusm,Linn.

126

Satamuli

. . .

Asparagus racemosus,Linn.

127

Shialkanta

. . .

Mimosa rybicaulis,Linn.

128

Sukhdarshan

. . .

Crinum defixum,Linn.

129

Stimbusak

. . .

Flemingia strobilifera, Roxb.

130

Sunmathasura

. . .

Desmodium latifolium, Desy.

131

Talamuli

. . .

Curculigo orchioides, Goertn.

132

Tikhur

. . .

Curcuma angustifolia.

133

Algusi

. . .

Cuscuta reflexa, Linn.

134

Alkusi

. . .

Mucuna pruriens, Adans.

135

Birmunga

. . .

Dalbergia volubilis Linn.

136

Biswal

. . .

Acacia pennata, Willd.

137

Dudhi lata

. . .

Tehnocarpus frutescens, R. Br.

138

Ek leja

. . .

Cissampelos pereira Linn.

139

Gaj

. . .

Milletia auriculata, W & A.

140

Coalilata

. . .

Vitis pedata Linn.

141

Gobila

. . .

Vitis latifolia, Linn.

142

Gulancha

. . .

Tinospora Cerdifolia, Miers.

143

Hapar

. . .

Vallaris heynei, Burm.

144

Kanta alu

. . .

Diosorea pentaphylla Linn.

145

Kendrojanum

. . .

Acacia coesia, wild.

146

Kunch

. . .

Abrus precatorius Linn.

147

Latapalash

. . .

Butea superba, Roxb.

148

Maljsn

. . .

Bauhinia vahlii Linn.

149

Maula

. . .

Spatholobus roxbyrghii, Hassk.

150

Shora alu

. . .

Dioscorea humbularia Linn.